Pty vs Inc: Choose The Structure That Best Suits Practice Needs and Goals

The impact of choosing between a Proprietary Limited (Pty) and an Incorporated (Inc) structure for specialist private practices is significant, affecting aspects such as ownership, liability, tax obligations, and regulatory compliance. Here’s how these two business structures can impact specialist private practices in South Africa:

Pty (Proprietary Limited)

Ownership and Size:

Pty is suited for small to medium-sized businesses. Specialist private practices that operate as Pty companies usually have fewer shareholders and are not open to public investment. This allows for closer control and more private management of the practice.


In a Pty, shareholders have limited liability, meaning their personal assets are protected from the business’s financial risks. For specialist practices, this means that the personal financial risk of the specialists is limited to their investment in the practice.


Pty companies are taxed at a corporate rate, and any dividends distributed to shareholders are subject to additional tax. This structure can provide tax advantages, depending on the practice’s earnings and tax strategy.

Regulatory Requirements:

Private companies face fewer regulatory requirements than public companies. This can make      administration simpler and less costly for specialist practices, allowing them to focus more on patient care and less on compliance.

Inc (Incorporated)

Ownership and Size:

Inc structures are typically used by professional service providers like doctors, lawyers, and accountants. In South Africa, an Inc refers to a company where professionals are incorporated as legal entities. This allows professionals to work together under a common brand while maintaining their service to clients.


An Inc structure provides limited liability protection, which means the personal assets of the shareholders (in this case, the specialists) are protected from the liabilities of the practice.


Incorporated entities are also taxed at a corporate rate. However, the specific tax implications can differ based on the structure and the income of the practice.

Regulatory Requirements:

Inc companies may be subject to more stringent regulatory and compliance standards, particularly in industries like healthcare, where professional standards and patient care are closely regulated.

Impact on Specialist Private Practices

Professional Independence:

An Inc allows specialists to retain their professional independence while sharing administrative costs and benefiting from a collective brand.

Financial and Legal Implications:

Both Pty and Inc structures offer limited liability protection, which is crucial in the medical field due to the high-risk nature of the work. However, the choice between the who can affect financial planning, tax obligations, and the ability to raise capital.

Growth and Expansion:

Pty structures may be more limiting for practices looking to expand or bring in numerous partners or investors, whereas Inc structures can potentially offer more flexibility for growth and collaboration among professionals.

In conclusion, the choice between Pty and Inc in South Africa for specialist private practices will depend on the size of the practice, the growth aspirations, the preferred level of control and independence, and financial and tax considerations.

It’s important for healthcare professionals to consult with legal and financial advisors to choose the structure that best suits their practice’s needs and goals.

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